Sahar O, Leone V, Limani H, Rabia N, Meddour RWILDFIRE RISK AND ITS PERCEPTION IN KABYLIA (ALGERIA)Abstract: This research aims to study wildfire perception by residents living in Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) in Kabylia (Algeria). We conducted an exploratory qualitative survey contacting 254 randomly selected individuals in eight hamlets of the Mizrana forest. Face-to-face questionnaires were administered to understand the fire risk problem. Respondents think that their homes are not exposed to fire risk and perceive their hamlets are protected against wildfires; on the contrary, they perceive their property (fields, livestock, olive trees, etc.) as exposed to fire risk. The vast majority of respondents declare to know how to defend themselves in the case of a fire event, using water and hand tools. Residents mainly use fire for stubble burning and disposal of domestic waste. Their skill in using fire as a land management tool respectively comes from their fathers, grandfathers and mothers. Results show the necessity of making resident more aware of the risks that wildfires pose to them. A culture of risk needs to be developed within the territory to limit vulnerability and the likelihood of destructive fires.Keywords: Algeria, Fire Use, Mizrana Forest, Risk Perception, TEK, Wildland Urban Interface, WildfireiForest 11 (3): 367-373 (2018) – doi: 10.3832/ifor2546-011