About 40 million people in the world, almost half of them African pastoralists, depend almost entirely on livestock for their livelihoods. Animal husbandry on rangelands produces about 23 % of the world cattle meat, with 13 % of this production originating from Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has 40 % of the world’s rangelands and shelters 55 % of the cattle in arid and semi-arid areas livestock systems.