In many African countries, the private sector in forestry is almost non-existent as an organized entity that one can dialogue with. This is also true in Tanzania, the country this study reports on, and where the sector is at its infancy, and needs to be nurtured to become stronger and better organized for it to significantly contribute to the national economy. In this regard, it has to be organized and coordinated as an entity and the many diverse actors who largely operate informally have to be strengthened. This study was conducted with this in mind; that is to facilitate the development of an organized private sector in forestry in Tanzania.