The primary production in Eastern Africa takes place in public natural forests, plantations, farm forests, community forests and private forests. These forests, for various reasons, are experiencing heavy pressure from forest adjacent communities and illegal loggers hence roundwood extractions are under various levels of controls to reduce degradation and enhance biodiversity conservation. The indigenous forests and woodlands are the most extensive and produce wide range of products for various uses including timber and woodfuel, among others. The public sector dominated public plantations remain the main supply of industrial timber in the region, but due to poor management and governance related issues are, in some cases, also experiencing low productivity and losses to other land uses.