The highlights presented in this fact sheet on the current status of forest pests in southern Africa are based on a review of literature and country visits to gather information and expert opinions conducted in 2015.Historically southern Africa has faced many forest insect pest threats such as the Cypress Aphid, Sirex Wood Wasp on pines and recently a number of Eucalyptus pests.  The study findings present a very strong case for the South African Development Community (SADC) to activate the SADC Sanitary and Phytosanitary Protocol of 2008.