In 2003 African ministers signed a Ministerial Declaration on African Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (AFLEG) that galvanized their commitment to strengthening the forestry sector through good forest governance, enforcement of forest laws and regulations and promotion of fair trade in forest and wildlife resources. AFLEG is very clear on its commitment to eradicate illegalities in the forestry sector. Later some countries in Africa have also adopted the European FLEGT-VPAs (Voluntary Agreements) in guiding trade between European countries and themselves, among other things.  A study conducted by AFF on implementation or adherence to these two FLEGT processes in Africa