The conference aims at adopting a political declaration and a strategy to enhance international cooperation to support afforestation and reforestation activities in Africa with a view to (i) supporting and/or maximizing the production of goods and services provided by forests; (ii) increasing the capacity to sequester atmospheric carbon in the context of the fight against climate change, and (iii) conserving biodiversity and enhancing ecosystem integrity. The strategy will also aim at increasing the mobilization of financial resources and the access to, and use of, science, technology and innovation, to support afforestation and reforestation.