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Forest business incubation: Towards sustainable forest and farm producer organisation (FFPO) businesses that ensure climate resilient landscapes   Forest business incubation is a support process that accelerates the successful development of sustainable businesses in forest landscapes. While more than 7,000 business incubators exist worldwide, few serve forest landscapes. Low densities of educated entrepreneurs, high logistical costs, scarce infrastructure to distant markets, and few capable business mentors present major challenges. Yet there is much to play for. The aggregate gross annual value from smallholder producers within forest landscapes may be as much as US$1.3 trillion. And it is difficult to see how the Paris Climate Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals will be implemented without better forest business incubation that strengthens economic inclusion for forest and farm producer organisations (FFPOs), increases rural incomes, diversifies those incomes to improve climate resilience, and incentivises forest restoration and sustainable management to mitigate climate change.   Forest business incubation is also needed to help meet market demand for vital products in sectors such as green energy, low-carbon construction, nutritious food, medicines, cosmetics and ecosystem services. It can also help pool lower-risk investment opportunities for financiers. But how can forest business incubation deliver a win-win-win for the economy, society and the environment? That is the question that this report seeks to answer – drawing on established literature and 11 forest business incubator case studies from Asia, Africa and Latin America.    

Download: http://pubs.iied.org/13595IIED/    

ForBInc: Forest business incubation toolkit by and for Forest and Farm Producer Organisations   The specific challenges in forest landscapes - including remoteness, high transaction costs, long production timeframes, overlapping rights and high levels of informality - mean that they are perceived as high risk and therefore forest business incubation needs a rather unique approach. A well-designed system of incubators in the forest landscape that de-risks investment into this crucial sector, and fills the business support gap, could really make a difference.   By providing an approach to incubation that is adapted to the forest and farm landscape, this toolkit aims to address that gap. It is written primarily for second-tier umbrella organisations of forest and farm producers, who aspire to offer business incubation services for their members. It draws on findings from 11 case studies of different forest business incubation models and is laid out in a logical sequence of 5 modules with practical tips and guidance throughout.    

Download: http://pubs.iied.org/13596IIED/      

Tackling discrepancies in timber trade data: comparing China and Mozambique   China is now the largest destination market for African timber exports, having seen significant growth in timber trade with African countries over the last decade. This has important implications to the sustainable development of forests in the exporting countries, where forest resources are being depleted. Regulation on timber trade, especially illegal timber trade, is therefore of increasing importance. This report investigates trade data discrepancies by examining the documentation process and data collection of the customs and other relevant agencies in China and Mozambique. Two studies of timber trade supply chain and customs procedures were conducted separately in Mozambique and in China, by the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Engineering of Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) and Global Environmental Institute (GEI) using data analysis, a literature review, and semi-structured and unstructured interviews with various stakeholders. After comparing the procedures between the two countries, this report identifies differences and gaps in regulations and implementation in the two countries, and finally offers recommendations for future studies and customs engagement.    

Download: http://pubs.iied.org/13594IIED       You may also be interested in the following publications:

Financing forest-related enterprises: lessons from the Forest Investment Program: http://pubs.iied.org/17453IIED Measured development: options to distinguish and measure the impacts of business models of forest and farm producers: http://pubs.iied.org/G04277 Concessão Comunitária de Nipiode: Causas do fracasso e conjunto de intervenções para a sua revitalização: http://pubs.iied.org/13589PIIED Desmatamento na Paisagem do Corredor da Beira: o papel de factores sócioeconomicos: http://pubs.iied.org/13601PIIED
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