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Net primary productivity (NPP) is a key component in the terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle, and it varies according to stand age and site class index (SCI) for different forest types. Here we report an improved method for describing the relationships between NPP and stand age at various SCI values for the main forest types and groups in Heilongjiang Province, China, using existing yield tables, biomass equations, and forest inventory data. We calculated NPP as the sum of four components: Annual accumulation of live biomass, annual mortality of biomass, foliage turnover, and fine root turnover in soil. We also consider the NPP of understory vegetation or moss. These NPP-age relationships under different site conditions indicate that the NPP values of broadleaved and coniferous, as well as broadleaved mixed forests increase rapidly and reach a maximum when in young forests. However, for coniferous forest types, the maximum NPP generally occurs in mature forests. In addition, a higher SCI leads to a higher NPP value. Finally, we input these NPP-age relationships at various SCI values into the Integrated Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon (InTEC) model to modify NPP modeling to estimate NPP in Heilongjiang Province in China from 2001 to 2010. All of the results showed that the methods reported in this study provide a reliable approach for estimating regional forest carbon budgets.

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